Known for drought and desertification, drylands are ‘hotspots’ of vulnerability to land degradation and climate change. Yet, forest cover is key to support land and climate resilience, as forest above-ground and soil biomass represents a huge reservoir for carbon (dioxide) storage. For instance, ‘exclosures’ (areas where livestock grazing is excluded) quickly develop into naturally regenerating forest lands.
Exclosures can deliver green water to downstream croplands, biomass for livestock feeding and high-value non-timber forest products that can stimulate micro-economies. For instance, from the sensitive dryland tree Boswellia papyrifera we derive high-value frankincense oil
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